Designing Floors for G2P Automation

Structural design and detailing for Automated Warehouse Floors

When first starting with the automation of a warehouse, it is worth noting that technology alone cannot create a perfect operation, the basics need to be in place first. These must start with the working platform of your operation – the warehouse floor.

The growth in the adoption of automated technology within warehouses has dictated specialist services be available for the floors on which the operation is dependent.

CoGri USA have the facilities and expertise to design the ground floor slabs for automated warehouses.

Using tools such as Finite Element Analysis software, we can assess how your warehouse floor may react to the operational loading from the use of automated technology such as AMRs (Automated Mobile Robot), ASRS (Automated Storage and Retrieval), Cobots (collaborative robots) and Goods-to-Person (G2P) technology. We can, therefore, design ground floor slabs for automated warehouse floors which consider all interfaces, are fit for purpose and are bespoke to your requirements.

Considerations for the design of your warehouse floor must first look at the automation which will be used, and how it is being used.

Methods of Automation

Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs)

AGV Forklift

AGVs such as automated forklift trucks for loading and unloading, robotic palletizing solutions, or the transportation of inventory, typically follow magnetic stripes, or a track laid in the warehouse.

The floor serviceability requirements, including joint design / load transfer are key design considerations.

Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMRs)

AMRs in warehouse

AMRs don’t follow a set track between locations. Instead they create their own routes based on information given and will reroute when necessary to avoid obstacles on the warehouse floor, such as other AMR’s.

Finished floor surface characteristics are usually crucial to the successful operation of this type of robotics system, such as surface gloss, friction, abrasion resistance, and micro roughness.

Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems (ASRS)

Automated Storage and Retrieval System

ASRSs appear in a multitude of formats including, but not limited to cranes, carousels, vertical lift modules (VLMs), shuttles, micro-loads and ‘Modular Cube Based Storage Systems’.

With ASRS systems, heavy and dynamic loadings are a major consideration for the floor design. It is also important that the floor complies with settlement and differential settlement to FEM limits.

Automated systems, robots, and vehicles are utilized to increase delivery speed, decrease human error, and improve customer satisfaction – the golden grail of any automated warehouse. However, the floor design is imperative for an efficient and effective automated warehouse.

Automated Warehouse Floor Design Review

CoGri USA also provide completely independent critical reviews of Design Engineers’ automated warehouses flooring proposals.

Each project is evaluated independently, but typically encompass the evaluation of:

Automated Warehouse Floor QA/Onsite Supervision

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The CoGri Group, a leading international specialist in concrete flooring, with offices on every continent throughout the world.

The CoGri Group, a leading international specialist in concrete flooring, with offices on every continent throughout the world

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